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Author's note
What is E S D?
Reorienting Education
Localizing the Global Initiative
Challenges and Barriers to E S D
Community Sustainability Goals
Case Study: Toronto, Canada Board of Education
Managing Change
Public Participation
Concluding remarks
Tools to Introduce the Concept of Sustainable Development
Tools to Create Community Goals
Tools to Reorient Education to Address Sustainability
Tools for Managing Change
Web resources

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Participants use a matrix to gain an overview of the institutions and major groups involved in a proposed change, and the level of support or resistance to that proposed change.


To determine sources and levels of support for or resistance to a proposed project or change by institutions or groups.


To determine the amount of support needed from specific individuals for a proposed project or change, use the exercise Commitment Charting.

Group size: 2 to 10 participants.

Time Needed: 10 - 20 minutes.



  1. Write the name of the proposed project or change in program, policy, or practice on the Inventory of Support and Resistance worksheet.
  2. Ask participants to rate the level of support or resistance of the institutions and groups listed at the top of the column in the worksheet. Rate the support or resistance as high, medium, or low.
  3. Ask each participant to explain the rationale behind his or her ratings of the institutions and groups on the worksheet.
  4. Ask participants to discuss the overall picture of support or resistance to the proposed project or change.
  5. Discuss other sources of support or resistance specific to your community.

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