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Author's note
What is E S D?
Reorienting Education
Localizing the Global Initiative
Challenges and Barriers to E S D
Community Sustainability Goals
Case Study: Toronto, Canada Board of Education
Managing Change
Public Participation
Concluding remarks
Tools to Introduce the Concept of Sustainable Development
Tools to Create Community Goals
Tools to Reorient Education to Address Sustainability
Tools for Managing Change
Web resources

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Teachers take an initial look at teaching issues.


To identify knowledge, skills, values, and perspectives to support the teaching of environmental, societal, and economic issues.


Some sustainability curriculums are focused on issues that face the community, region, or globe.

Group size: 2 to 10 participants.

Time Needed: 1 - 2 hours.



  1. Brainstorm a list of the most pressing environmental, societal, and economic issues that face your community.
  2. Distribute the Issues-Based Education worksheet.
  3. Each participant or pair of participants selects one of the issues and completes the worksheet.
  4. In large group discussion, participants share their responses. Encourage participants to take notes on other participants' responses.

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